RIGS IN EUROPE
In order to help individuals gain full appreciation of the oil and gas industry in regard to procedures, operations, production capacities and actual volume being produced as well as employment on the fields, on the rigs, in the manufacturing and servicing sectors: Essentra Pipe Protection Technologies shares history. People and events from history, from ancient times through current times, have a very important part in what the oil and gas industry is today, including what it does and what it needs. From thread protection to drill pipe protection and all Oil Country Tubular Goods (OCTG), Essentra is dedicated to providing superior quality supplies to Oil Rigs Around The World.
During the 16th century, oil collected from seeps in the Carpathian Mountains of Poland was utilized for street lamps. Though common elsewhere in the world, Poland’s Carpathian Mountains have known oil seeps in great abundance. Carpathian oil in particular, was hand dipped from pits that were hand dug in right in front of seeps; and was the source through which light was provided in the area.
This dark seep oil was gummy, stuck to everything, and burned with a foul smell. Additionally, it emitted more smoke and soot than did other lamp oils which were mostly derived and rendered from animal fat.
During the 18th century, oil sands in France underwent mining activity at the Pechelbronn field in Alsace. The miners, in as early as 1735, would sink shafts just 100 to 200 feet below the surface to start the excavation of tar. This basic practice continued through 1866 when miners discovered how to recover oil from deeper levels without even removing the sand.
The very first attempts at mining shale in Europe were done in one of the two European countries with the largest shale reserves: France. The very first attempts were done in the city of Autun during 1837 and those mines were closed in 1957. The other European country that shares with France having the largest shale-reserves in Europe is Bulgaria.
Europe’s first actual oil wells, however, were drilled in the mid-northern European country of Poland. The wells were dug up to 50-meters deep at the town of Bóbrka by a local man, a pharmacist of sorts. Ignacy Lukasiewicz had recognized the potential for the relatively inexpensive seep oil to replace the expensive whale oil that was being used in lamps. That was in 1854 and following in 1857, wells were being drilled at a place called Bend. The area known as Bend is located northeast of Bucharest on the Romanian side of the Carpathians where other entrepreneurs proceeded to join in and dug wells contributing to the development of a strong Polish oil industry.
Russia, which lies in both Europe and Asia, saw Emperor Peter I make the first ever efforts at the practical use of petroleum and development of the petroleum industry in that country.
Known often as Peter the Great (1672–1725), Peter I established Russian Mining Office (1700) in order to nurture and supervise all activities in developing and exploiting minerals of the Russian Empire. Later in the same year, he clearly defined goals his mining institution which involved the integration all phases of mineral deposit prospecting, exploring, and developing.
As those efforts of development were slow to see viable results, the emperor demanded what he considered a necessity for his country: that 101 kilograms of oil be obtained immediately and for it to be delivered to St. Petersburg that same year, 1713. The oil was purchased, but the price of oil had risen alarmingly and Peter the Great turned his attention to push harder the development of petroleum within Russia.
He ordered an expedition be organized to a certain region that lay between the two rivers known as Terek and Sunzha. Due to the emperor’s quickly approaching trip to Europe, however, the departure of the expedition was postponed. During this extended European visit which involved meeting with prominent European leaders (royalty, scientists, miners and others), Peter the Great took to heart the state of affairs in Western economics which he was learning about and decided it necessary for Russia to immediately modernize in numerous areas including its mining industry.
Peter the Great had a dream and had insight into the value of oil. His trip to Europe and his learning experience there is very indicative of the oil industry and world economy. There is a long history that follows of Russia’s attempts, sorrows, and successes in producing oil. However jumping ahead to now (the second decade of the 21st century), Russia is a much smaller country than it once was yet is the world’s largest oil producer (Bloomberg; May 02, 2013).
The OCTG market in Russia is seeing steady growth. The increased rate of the country’s drilling activity along with its increased growth in oil production have contributed to rising OCTG pipe import activity. In April of 2013, Russia produced 10.47 million barrels of oil per day which is extremely close to a new post-soviet record.
Global demand for OCTG applications is being increasingly met by Essentra as countries learn of our quality and dependability as the world leader in this oil field industry technology. And now, the mining and water well industries are turning to Essentra, as well.